Sunday, 30 November 2014

What is hair loss?


Hi all and welcome to my blog!

I have created this blog to share with you regarding non-surgical aesthetic treatments, educational health informations and prevent or delay aging process.

 What is hair loss?

Is also known as alopecia 

Everyone loses their hair and it is normal to lose about 50-100 hairs every day.
On the average there are over 100,000 strands of hair on a normal  young adult.  Hair grows at a rate of about 150mm a year and the lifespan of each hair lasts for 2-6 years before it falls out, the follicle has a rest for a while, while another takes its place.


If you see bald patches or lots of thinning, you may be experiencing hair loss.



What are the common causes of hair loss?
Hair disorders-Hereditary thinning or baldness (also called as androgenetic alopecia):
  • Most common and it affects both men and women. 
  • In  men , they often get a receding hairline or bald patches especially on the top of the head however its vise versa in women.
  • The first sign of hair loss for many women is a widening part and thinning of hair .


 Scoring of androgenetic alopecia  using modified Hamilton–Norwood scale, at ages 20 and 40 years.

Alopecia areata  :

  • It is an autoimmune disease (means the body attacks its own hair in this case)
    Smooth, round patches of hair loss will be seen on the scalp and other areas of the body.

Cicatricial (scarring) alopecia:


  • The hair follicles are being destroy and scar tissue are forms where the follicles once were, so the hair cannot re-grow. 


Central centrifugal cicatricial (scarring) alopecia:
  • Most often seen in women of African descent.
  • It can begin slowly or rapidly  from the center of the scalp and radiates out . 
  • The affected scalp becomes smooth and shiny. 




Disease
  • Underlying medical condition : thyroid disease and anemia, however hair loss often can be stopped or reversed by treating the disease.
  • Cancer treatments: Radiotherapy and chemotherapy  
  • Ringworm of the scalp:  contagious and common in children. 
Hormones and stress
Menopause
Stress
Child birth

















Dieting and poor nutritions

Medicine






  • Blood thinners
  • High-dose vitamin A
  • Medicines that treat arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems, and high blood pressure
  • Birth control pills
  • Anabolic steroids 




Improper Hair care
Your hairstyle and even some of the products you use on your hair can cause hair loss.

  • Products:
    Frequent bleaching or permanents ,regular or improper use of dyes, gels, relaxers, and hair sprays can cause hair breakage.
  • Blow dryers, flat irons, and other devices:
    Style your hair when it is dry.
    Frequent use of a blow dryer tends to damage hair.

    Hairpins, clips, and rubber bands:
  • When used to hold hair tightly can break hair.
    Recommend to use-
Hair pin with ball tip
    • Hairpins that have a smooth, ball-tipped surface.             
    • Hair clips that have spongy rubber padding where they touch the hair.
    • Try scrunchies made of fabric instead of rubber bands

Scrunchie











Hairstyles

Years or prolong wearing hair style such as a ponytail, cornrows, or braids can cause  traction alopecia. 






Improper washing, drying, and combing
The following practices often cause the hair to break:
  • Over shampooing, combing, or brushing (100 strokes or more a day)
  • Rubbing wet hair dry with a towel
  • Brushing or combing wet hair 
Hair is more elastic when wet which means it breaks off more easily than dry hair. It will appear shaggy or too thin when hair breakage occurs.
Luckily, most causes of hair loss can be stopped or treated.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dr Elaine Chong , Malaysia
Dr. Elaine graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine/ Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)  from Manipal University, India and obtained a Diploma in Aesthetic Medicine by the American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine (USA). She is a fully registered medical doctor with the Malaysian Medical Council. Dr. Elaine firmly believes on that all individuals are beautiful and aims to bring your inner beauty to surface.View  my complete profile


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